THE BEST OF NATURAL & ORGANIC BEAUTY

CALENDULA ESSENTIAL OIL

Calendula essential oil is best for blemished skin.

Scientific name:  Calendula oficinalis

Common name:  marigold

Family:  Asteraceae, daisy

Plant Origin:  Egypt

Form:  steam distilled essential oil

Parts:  flowers


BEST FOR SENSITIVE AND OILY SKIN

Ingredient Features

  • anti-inflammatory
  • antiseptic
  • astringent
  • demulcent
  • stimulates collagen synthesis
  • stimulates cell regeneration

User Benefits

  • healing
  • cleansing
  • firming
  • soothing
  • smoothing
  • anti-aging

Function in Product

  • active

Great for:

  • burns
  • cracked + rough skin
  • cuts
  • eczema
  • nappy rash
  • cracked nipples
  • insect bites
  • rashes
  • varicose veins

Calendula Essential Oil Description:

The beautiful yellow flowers of the calendula plant (also known as the pot marigold) are used on the skin for their antifungal, antiseptic, astringent, demulcent and vulnerary properties. Its active constituents include: high amounts of flavonoids which are anti-inflammatory and antibacterial, arabinogalactans, saponins (such as oleanolic acid, beta-carotene, lutein and other carotenoids), terpenes, polysaccharides, polyacetylenes and phenolic acids. "Where calendula is applied, no pus will form," is an old adage that has been past on through generations, hence calendula’s reputation for healing cuts, bruises, rashes and irritated skin.

see also calendula flower extract


CALENDULA ESSENTIAL OIL IS IN THE FOLLOWING NATURAL SKINCARE AND MAKEUP PRODUCTS: 

Lip Balm

Vapour Organic Beauty Lux Lip Conditioner

Face Cleanser

Pangea Organics Egyptian Calendula and Blood Orange Facial Cleanser

Face Toner

Pangea Organics Italian Green Mandarin with Sweet Lime Facial Toner

Face Cream

Pangea Organics Italian Red Mandarin with Roses Facial Cream

Pangea Organics Nigerian Ginger with Sweet Lavender and Thyme Facial Cream

Hand Soap

Pangea OrganicsPyrenees Lavender with Cardamom Hand Soap

Body Wash

Pangea Organics Pyrenees Lavender with Cardamom Body Wash

Body Lotion

Pangea Organics French Chamomile with Sweet Orange and Lavender Body Lotion

Pangea Organics Pyrenees Lavender with Cardamom Body Lotion

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CALENDULA FLOWER EXTRACT

Calendula herbal extract is best for sensitive skin. 

Scientfic name:  Calendula officinalis

Family:  Asteraceae, daisy

Common name:  marigold

Plant Origin:  Egypt

Form:  extract

Parts:  flowers


GOOD FOR ALL  |  BEST FOR SENSITIVE SKIN

Ingredient Features

  • anti-inflammatory
  • antiseptic
  • circulatory stimulant
  • demulcent

User Benefits

  • healing
  • cleansing
  • revitalizing
  • soothing

Function in Product

  • active

Topically, calendula flower soothes burns and sunburn. As a bath herb, calendula flower is used for dry skin. Used both internally and externally, calendula helps to increase peripheral circulation. It is also used internally to improve skin conditions such as acne, boils, eczema and psoriasis. A common ingredient in cosmetics, calendula is used in facial steams, cleansers, lotions, moisturizers, soaps and salves. It is gentle enough to use in products such as eye creams and baby care products, and can even help relieve cradle cap and diaper rash. Calendula is also used in shampoos, conditioners and hair rinses, especially for blondes.

See also calendula essential oil.


CALENDULA FLOWER EXTRACT IS IN: 

Concealer

Afterglow Cosmetics Infused Aloe Concealer

Blush

Afterglow Cosmetics Infused Mineral Blush

Face Cleanser

Pangea Organics Egyptian Calendula and Blood Orange Facial Cleanser

Face Scrub

Pangea Organics Egyptian Geranium with Adzuki Bean and Cranberry Facial Scrub

Face Mask

Pangea Organics Japanese Matcha Tea with Acai and Goji Berry Facial Mask

Face Toner

Pangea Organics French Rosemary and Sweet Orange Facial Toner

Pangea Organics Italian Green Mandarin and Sweet Lime Facial Toner

Face Cream

Pangea Organics Italian red Mandarin with Rose Facial Cream

Pangea Organics Nigerian Ginger with Lavender and Thyme Facial Cream

Hand Soap

Pangea Organics Pyrenees Lavender with Cardamom Hand Soap

Hand Lotion

Pangea Organics Chilean Rosehip With Tamanu and Red Clover

Body Wash

Pangea Organics Pyrenees Lavender with Cardamom Body Wash

Body Lotion

Pangea Organics Indian Lemongrass with Rosemary Body Lotion

Pangea Organics Pyrenees Lavender with Cardamom Body Lotion

Pangea Organics French Chamomile with Sweet Orange and Lavender Body Lotion

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CAMELINA OIL

Jojoba seed oil is best for oily skin.

Scientific name:  Camelina sativa

Family Name:  Brassicaceae

Origin: Europe and Central Asia

Form:  expeller pressed oil

Parts:  seeds

 


GOOD FOR ALL SKIN TYPES

Ingredient Features

  • skin conditioner
  • emollient
  • nutrient rich
  • antioxidant

User Benefits

  • smoothing
  • moisturizing
  • nourishing
  • anti-aging
  • brightening

Function in Product

  • emollient
  • skin conditioner
  • base

Description of Camelina Oil

Camelina oil is high in EFAs (linoleic) and Omega 3 oils. It has excellent anti-aging benefits, is very emollient, and improves skin elasticity and hydration.

About the oil

Camelina seed oil is very similar to flax in appearance and properties but it has a much more stable shelf life and is not prone to rancidity. This delicious oil can be used for food and cosmetic purposes and comes packed with Omega-3 fatty acids, Vitamin E, and anti-oxidants. Great for the skin, hair and eyes, the nourishing properties are also popularly used as an oil additive for our animal companion’s food. This oil makes an excellent choice for natural cosmetics and especially hair care formulas.

About the plant

Considered by many in the US as a weed, it was known as the “gold of pleasure”, and is still sold and marketed under this name in some parts of the world. Camelina is a small annual shrub with small pale yellow or greenish yellow flowers. It is referred to as false flax because it is often found growing in flax fields. Traditionally it was used for oil in lamps, and as feed for livestock. Recently, it has been looked at for its viability as a bio fuel alternative to corn and as a nutritional supplement for farm and domesticated animals. Because of its unrefined nature it has a deep color, heavy herbaceous odor and nutty flavor.

As a food (Wikipedia)

The crop is now being researched due to its exceptionally high levels (up to 45%) of omega-3 fatty acids, which is uncommon in vegetable sources. Seeds contain 38 to 43% oil and 27 to 32% protein. Over 50% of the fatty acids in cold-pressed camelina oil are polyunsaturated. The oil is also very rich in natural antioxidants, such as tocopherols, making this highly stable oil very resistant to oxidation and rancidity. It has 1 - 3% erucic acid. The vitamin E content of camelina oil is approximately 110 mg/100 g. It is well suited for use as a cooking oil. It has an almond-like flavor and aroma.

What the EWG Cosmetic Safety Database has to say:

About Camelina sativa (GOLD OF PLEASURE) SEED OIL – Camelina Sativa Seed Oil is a fixed oil expressed from the seeds of Camelina sativa.

Function(s): Skin-Conditioning Agent - Occlusive; SKIN CONDITIONING

Synoym(s): CAMELINA SATIVA SEED OIL, GOLD OF PLEASURE (CAMELINA SATIVA) OIL; GOLD OF PLEASURE OIL; GOLD OF PLEASURE SEED OIL; PLEASURE (CAMELINA SATIVA) OIL GOLD; PLEASURE OIL GOLD

Method of extraction: Expeller Pressed/Unrefined

Typical Analysis
Color- Dark Olive/Gold
Odor- Herbaceous and Green
Free Fatty Acids- 0.6
Peroxide Value- less than 2
Iodine Value- 150-160
Specific Gravity- 0.97

 


CAMELINA OIL IS IN THE FOLLOWING NATURAL SKINCARE AND MAKEUP PRODUCTS: 

Lip Stick

Vapour Organic Beauty Siren Lipstick

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CAMELLIA SEED OIL

Jojoba seed oil is best for oily skin.

Scientific name:  Camellia oleifera

Family:  Theaceae, tea

Origin: Eastern and Southern Asia

Form:  oil

Parts:  seeds

 


GOOD FOR ALL SKIN TYPES

Ingredient Features

  • skin conditioner
  • emollient
  • nutrient rich
  • antioxidant

User Benefits

  • smoothing
  • moisturising
  • nourishing
  • anti-aging
  • brightening

Function in Product

  • emollient
  • skin conditioner

Camellia Seed Oil is a deeply penetrating light oil which gives skin a beautiful texture and glow prevents wrinkles, spots, freckles, and acne. It is also highly antioxidant and a skin brightener. It is also one of nature's densest plant sources of oleic and linoleic acid, Vitamins E and D to nourish and moisturize skin.

See also camellia seed oil more.


CAMELLIA SEED OIL IS IN:

Primer

Vapour Organic Beauty Stratus Soft Focus Skin Perfecting Primer

Foundation

Vapour Organic Beauty Atmosphere Soft Focus Foundation

Makeup Remover

Vapour Organic Beauty Clarity Makeup Removing Cleansing Oil

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CANADIAN PINE ESSENTIAL OIL

Canadian fir essential oil is best for oily and blemished skin.

Scientific name:  Abies balsamea

Family name:  Pinaceae, pine

Origin:  Canada

Content:  essential oil from oleoresin

Form:  distillation from the oleoresin


 

BEST FOR BLEMISHED AND OILY SKIN

 

Ingredient Features

  • antioxidant
  • antiseptic
  • deodorant
  • vulnerary
  • anti-depressant

User Benefits

  • protecting
  • cleansing
  • wound-healing

Aromatherapy

  • elevating
  • grounding
  • sedative

Function in Product

  • fragrance
  • preservative
  • active

 

The balsam fir is a North American fir, native to most of eastern and central Canada and the northeastern United States. It is a tall, graceful evergreen tree up to 65 ft high, with a tapering trunk and numerous branches giving the tree an overall shape of a perfect cone. It forms blisters of oleoresin on the branches, produced from special vesicles beneath the bark. This oleoresin is collected by puncturing vesicles in the bark. Fir oil is an antiseptic, solvent, disinfectant and deodorant. Its properties for mind include: elevating, grounding and opening.


CANADIAN BALSAM ESSENTIAL OIL IS IN THE FOLLOWING NATURAL SKINCARE AND MAKEUP PRODUCTS: 

Hand Soap

Pangea Organics Canadian Pine with White Sage Hand Soap

Body Wash

Pangea Organics Canadian Pine with White Sage Body Wash

Bar Soap

Canadian Pine With White Sage Bar Soap

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CANDELLILA WAX

Fennel seed herbal extract is best for blemished skin and anti-aging.

Scientific name:  Euphorbia cerifera

Family name:  Euphorbiaceae

Origin:  SW USA and Mexico

Form:  wax

Parts:  leaves


BEST FOR ALL SKIN TYPES

Ingredient Features

  • astringent
  • skin conditioning
  • emollient

User Benefits

  • toning
  • smoothing
  • moisturizing

Function in Product

  • thickener
  • emulsifier
  • emollient

Description of Candellila wax

Candelilla extract is derived from candelilla plants and used as a thickening agent and emollient to give products such as lipsticks or stick foundations their form.

Characteristics of the plant and its wax

Candelilla wax is a wax derived from the leaves of the small Candelilla shrub native to northern Mexico and the southwestern United States, Euphorbia cerifera and Euphorbia antisyphilitica, from the family Euphorbiaceae. It is yellowish-brown, hard, brittle, aromatic, and opaque to translucent.

Candellila wax is considered a hard vegetable wax, brittle, lustrous, and slightly tacky. It's color varies from light brown to light yellow. It has a low coefficient of expansion and contraction. Candelilla is softer than carnauba wax.

Uses and Applications

It is mostly used mixed with other waxes to harden them without raising their melting point. As a food additive, candelilla wax is used as a glazing agent. It also finds use in cosmetic industry, as a component of lip balms and lotion bars. One of its major uses was a binder for chewing gums. Candelilla wax can be used as a substitute for carnauba wax and beeswax.

Did you know . . .

Candelilla’s extraordinary molding qualities capable of reproducing fine detail make it a superior precision casting wax. 

Composition and production

With a melting point of 68.5–72.5 °C, candelilla wax consists of mainly hydrocarbons (about 50%, chains with 29–33 carbons), esters of higher molecular weight (20–29%), free acids (7–9%), and resins (12–14%, mainly triterpenoid esters). The high hydrocarbon content distinguishes this wax from carnauba wax. It is insoluble in water, but soluble in many organic solvents.


CANDELILLA WAX IS IN THE FOLLOWING NATURAL SKINCARE AND MAKEUP PRODUCTS: 

Mascara

Afterglow Cosmetics Infused Pure Soul Mascara

Lip Balm

Afterglow Cosmetics Infused Lip Soother

Lip Gloss

Afterglow Cosmetics Infused Hydra Gloss

Lip Stick

Afterglow Cosmetics Infused Lip Love Lipstick

Lip Liner

Bite Beauty The Lip Pencil

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CAPRYLIC / CAPRIC TRIGLYCERIDE

Caprylic capric triglyceride is a base compound used in beauty products made from coconut oil.

Synthetic compound

Derived from:  glycerin + coconut oil

Process:  steam hydrolysis or chemical reaction


GOOD FOR ALL SKIN TYPES

Ingredient Features

  • skin conditioning
  • emollient

User Benefits

  • softening
  • moisturizing by preventing water loss

Function in Product

  • surfactant
  • thickener

description of Caprylic/Capric Triglyceride

 

Caprylic/Capric Triglyceride is an oily mixture of glycerin with caprylic and capric acids derived from coconut oil. It is comprised of short chain fatty acids, and is extremely stable with an almost indefinite shelf life. This can be used in place of fractionated coconut oil in products such as lotions, balms and massage oils. It is a light, penetrating oil with a silky feel, wonderful for moisturizing products as it doesn't leave that greasy feeling. It is skin conditioning and used as an emollient to prevent water loss from the skin. It's also a great carrier for essential oils. See also: GLYCERIN.

Note: This is slightly different from Fractionated Coconut oil, as it only contains the shorter chain fatty acids.

Capric Acid is a type of carboxylic acid abundant in nature, as is malic acid (from apples) and lactic acid (from sour milk).

Caprylic Acid is a long-chain fatty acid found in coconuts and breast milk. In cosmetics it is used as a surfactant and thickening agent. It is known to have antifungal properties and thus is often recommended by nutritionists in the treatment of candidiasis, and is also used in the treatment of some bacterial infections.

How It's Made:

To make Capric/Caprylic Triglyceride, you first have to separate the Capric and Caprylic fatty acids from the glycerol group in the raw oil. There are two ways that this is generally done. One way is through a chemical reaction called saponification–aka soap-making. A strong alkali breaks apart the glycerol group from the fatty acids and reacts with the fatty acids to create a new compound we know as soap. Another way to split the glycerol from the fatty acids is through steam hydrolysis; intense heat and pressure is applied to break apart the triglyceride molecule. This is typically the method used in industrial fatty acid production.

Then once the Caprylic and Capric acids are separated from the glycerol they undergo another chemical process called esterification to add the glycerol group back to the fatty acids. A triglyceride contains more than one type of fatty acid. So, when the oil and fatty acids are separated from the glycerin the different fatty acids can then be separated and isolated.

Finally, the oil is put back together with only the shorter chain Capric and Caprylic acids. This is a purified version of the oil that is now referred to as Capric/Caprylic Triglyceride. This new purified and standardized oil has different physical properties than the original oil. It feels dryer, less greasy and has a much higher stability because it's all saturated fat since  the more unstable fatty acids have been removed. 

Is Caprylic/Capric Triglyceride comedogenic?

That depends on the particular skin: any oil has the potential to be comedogenic because it provides an occlusive barrier to the skin, so it depends entirely on how a face handles oil. However, this oil doesn't turn solid until it gets to ~40° F, so it doesn't harden on the skin and clog pores in that way. 

As a Food Supplement

Capric/Caprylic Triglyceride is marketed as a food supplement known as MCT (Medium Chain Triglyceride) Oil.


CAPRYLIC/CAPRIC TRIGLYCERIDE is in THE FOLLOWING NATURAL SKINCARE AND MAKEUP PRODUCTS: 

Mascara

Afterglow Cosmetics Infused Pure Soul Mascara

Lip Liner

Bite Beauty The Lip Pencil

Face Cleanser

Pangea Organics Egyptian Calendula and Blood Orange Facial Cleanser

Face Scrub

Pangea Organics Egyptian Geranium with Adzuki Bean and Cranberry Facial Scrub

Face Cream

Pangea Organics Italian Red Mandarin with Rose Facial Cream

Pangea Organics Facial Cream Moroccan Argan With Willow and Rosemary Facial Cream

Pangea Organics Nigerian Ginger with Lavender and Thyme Facial Cream

Hand Cream

Pangea Organics Chilean Rosehip with Tamanu and Red Clover Hand Cream

Body Lotion

Pangea Organics French Chamomile with Sweet Orange & Lavender Body Lotion

Pangea Organics Indian Lemongrass with Rosemary Body Lotion

Pangea Organics Pyrenees Lavender with Cardamom Body Lotion

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CAPRYLYL GLYCOL

Caprylic capric triglyceride is a base compound used in beauty products made from coconut oil.

Synthetic compound

Derived from: vegetables or petrochemicals

Process:


good for all skin types if vegetable-derived

Not Recommended as an ingredient if petroleum-derived

Ingredient Features

  • skin conditioner
  • hair conditioner
  • emollient
  • humectant
  • antimicrobial

User Benefits

  • softens skin
  • softens hair
  • moisturizing by preventing water loss
  • moisturizing by drawing moisture to the skin
  • fights germs and pathogens

Function in Product

  • solvent
  • emollient
  • skin conditioner
  • hair conditioner
  • improves viscosity
  • preservative


Caprylyl glycol is a skin-conditioning and viscosity improving agent that may be plant-derived or synthetic.

As a Preservative

It is often used as part of a preservative blend with phenoxyethanol and chloroxylenol, two preservatives that meet current global regulations, but not Be Yourself Beautiful's standards.

Caprylyl glycol is better than harsher alternatives such as formaldehyde. The Cosmetics Ingredient Review has deemed the ingredient safe for use in cosmetics, and Whole Foods has deemed the ingredient acceptable in its body care quality standards. In addition, several studies show the ingredient is not a strong skin or eye irritant or sensitizer.At least one study shows it also has antimicrobial characteristics.

why petroleum-derived Glycols are not preferred ingredients:  

Used as solvents for preservatives, fragrance, and other substances, they are also referred to as humectants, emollients and preservatives. Glycols can be irritating and harmful to the skin. This group includes Propylene, Butylene, Pentylene, Hexylene, and Caprylyl Glycols, Capryl Clycol, Caprylic Glycol.

How It's Made

Typical commercial production of Caprylyl Glycol starts with the synthesis of Ethylene Glycol, the simplest of the 1,2-glycols. This happens by thermal oxidation of Ethylene Oxide with water. The commercial production of 1,2-glycols, including Caprylyl Glycol, are commonly made either via catalytic oxidation of the corresponding Alkene Oxide, or reduction of the corresponding 2-Hydroxy Acid.

Synoym(s):  1,2-dihydroxyoctane; 1,2-octanediol; 1,2-octylene glycol; 1,2octanediol; capryl glycol; octane-1,2-diol


CAPRYLYL GLYCOL IS IN THE FOLLOWING NATURAL SKINCARE AND MAKEUP PRODUCTS: 

Concealer

Afterglow Cosmetics Infused Aloe Concealer

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CARDAMOM ESSENTIAL OIL

Cardamom essential oil is best for oily skin.

Scientific name:  Elettaria cardamomum

Family:  Zingiberaceae, ginger

Origin:  Guatemala

Form:  steam distilled essential oil

Parts:  fruit

 


BEST FOR OILY SKIN

Ingredient Features

  • antioxidant
  • antiseptic

User Benefits

  • protecting
  • cleansing

Aromatherapy

  • aphrodisiac
  • stimulating

Function in Product

  • active

Cardamom is one of the oldest essential oils known. Egyptians used it in perfumes and incense, and also chewed the seeds to keep their teeth white. In Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), cardamom has long been described as a Qi tonic, not only warming and invigorating to the lungs, spleen and nerves, but also having an effect on the spirit or mind, similar to that of basil, removing listlessness and depression often found in chronic Qi deficiency conditions. Its main properties for skin are antiseptic and cleansing. Cardamom oil’s aroma is described as a warm, spicy middle-base note with the following properties for mind: energizing, stimulating and aphrodisiac. It is also used to combat fatigue and stress.

Note Classification: Middle

Aroma: Warm, green, spicy, balsamic

Largest Producing Countries: Guatemala, India, and Sri Lanka

Traditional Use: Cardamom is native to India, and is used in Ayurvedic medicine.

Properties: Antiseptic, antispasmodic, carminative, cephalic, digestive, diuretic, laxative, nerve tonic, stimulant, stomachic

Blends Well With: Bay, bergamot, black pepper, caraway, cedarwood, cinnamon, cloves, coriander, fennel, ginger, grapefruit, jasmine, lemon, lemongrass, litsea cubeba, mandarin, neroli, orange, palmarosa, patchouli, petitgrain, sandalwood, vetiver, ylang ylang

Of Interest: This oil has many applications in perfumery. It is added to oriental type aromas for soaps, cosmetics, and body care products.


CARDAMOM ESSENTIAL OIL IS IN THE FOLLOWING NATURAL SKINCARE AND MAKEUP PRODUCTS: 

Lip Balm

Pangea Organics Pyrenees Lavender with Cardamom Lip Balm

Face Cleanser

Pangea Organics Australian Wild Plum and Willow Facial Cleanser

Hand Soap

Pangea Organics Pyrenees Lavender with Cardamom Hand Soap

Body Wash

Pangea Organics Pyrenees Lavender with Cardamom Body Wash

Body Lotion

Pangea Organics Pyrenees Lavender and Cardamom Body Lotion

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CARMINE

Manuka honey is best for blemished skin.

Scientific name:  Carmine

Animal derived pigment

From the beetle:  Dactylopius coccus

Parts:  whole beetle


Ingredient Features

  • non-toxic

User Benefits

  • safe

Function in Product

  • colorant

Carmine is a strikingly beautiful rich red colorant. Derived from Cochineal, this natural pigment is used in cosmetics. Historically has been used by the Navajo and other native peoples around the world.

Categories:

Coloring Agents/Pigments

Natural red color that comes from the dried female cochineal beetle. It is sometimes used to color lip gloss, lipsticks, and other cosmetics. The FDA approved carmine for food use in 1977.

EWG Cosmetic Safety Database says:

About CARMINE: Carmine is a red pigment/dye derived from insects native to South America and Mexico that live as parasites on cactus plants. Used as a colorant in food, cosmetics and textiles. Has been associated with severe allergic reactions. This ingredient is listed in the PETA's Caring Consumer guide as a substance of animal origin.

This ingredient is derived from animals. From PETA's Caring Consumer: Pigments from animal, plant, and synthetic sources used to color foods, cosmetics, and other products. Cochineal is from insects. Widely used FD&C and D&C colors are coaltar (bituminous coal) derivatives that are continously tested on animals due to their carcinogenic properties. Alternatives: grapes, beets, turmeric, saffron, carrots, chlorophyll, annatto, alkanet.

Function(s): Colorant; Fragrance Ingredient

Synoym(s): CARMINE (COCCUS CACTI L.) ; CARMINE 5297; CARMINE ULTRA-FINE; CARMINIC ACID; CARMINIC ACID LAKE; NATURAL RED 4; B ROSE LIQUID

Carmine, also called crimson lakecochinealnatural red 4C.I. 75470, or E120, is a pigment of a bright-red color obtained from the aluminium salt of carminic acid, which is produced by some scale insects, such as the cochineal scale and the Polish cochineal, and is used as a general term for a particularly deep-red color of the same name. Carmine is used in the manufacture of artificial flowers, paints, crimson ink, rouge, and other cosmetics, and is routinely added to food products such as yogurt and certain brands of juice, the most notable ones being those of the ruby-red variety.

The English word "carmine" is derived from the French word carmin (12 c.), from Medieval Latin carminium, from Arabic qirmiz "crimson," from Sanskrit krimiga "insect-produced", from krmi "worm, insect". Influenced in Latin by minium "red lead, cinnabar", said to be of Iberian origin.

Production

To prepare carmine, the powdered scale insect bodies are boiled in ammonia or a sodium carbonate solution, the insoluble matter is removed by filtering, and alum is added to the clear salt solution of carminic acid to precipitate the red aluminum salt, called "carmine lake" or "crimson lake." Purity of color is ensured by the absence of iron. Stannous chloride, citric acid, borax, or gelatin may be added to regulate the formation of the precipitate. For shades of purple, lime is added to the alum; thus, the traditional crimson color is guaranteed not only by carminic acid but also by choice of its chelating metal salt ion.

Carmine may be prepared from cochineal, by boiling dried insects in water to extract the carminic acid and then treating the clear solution with alum. Other common substances such as cream of tartar, stannous chloride, or potassium hydrogen oxalate can also be used to effect the precipitation, but aluminum is needed for the color. Use of these chemicals causes the coloring and animal matters present in the liquid to be precipitated to give a lake pigment. Aluminum from the alum gives the traditional crimson color to carminic acid precipitates, which are called carmine lakes or crimson lakes. This color is degraded by the presence of iron salts. Addition of lime (calcium) can give carminic acid lakes a purple cast.

Other methods for the production of carmine dye are in use, in which egg white, fish glue, or gelatin is sometimes added before the precipitation.

The carminic acid used to produce the pigment can also be extracted from various microbes engineered for the purpose. Microbes are dissolved in a containment structure separate from their cultivation vats, and then allowed to settle out. The liquid and suspended carminic acid is then siphoned off, and metal salts are then added to give a lake pigment in a procedure that is mostly identical to the procedure for acid extracted from insects.

The quality of carmine is affected by the temperature and the degree of illumination during its preparation, sunlight being requisite for the production of a brilliant hue. It also differs according to the amount of alumina present in it. It is sometimes adulterated with cinnabar, starch and other materials; from these, the carmine can be separated by dissolving it in ammonia. Good carmine should crumble readily between the fingers when dry.


CARMINE IS IN THE FOLLOWING NATURAL SKINCARE AND MAKEUP PRODUCTS: 

Primer

Vapour Organic Beauty Stratus Soft Focus Skin Perfecting Primer

Eye Liner

Vapour Organic Beauty Mesmerize Eyeliner

Eye Shadow

Vapour Organic Beauty Mesmerize Eye Shimmer

Vapour Organic Beauty Mesmerize Eye Color

Lip Gloss

Vapour Organic Beauty Elixir Plumping Lip Gloss

Lip Stick

Vapour Organic Beauty Siren Lipstick

Lip Liner

Bite Beauty The Lip Pencil

Multi Use

Vapour Organic Beauty Aura Multi Use Classic

Vapour Organic Beauty Aura Multi Use Stain

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CARNAUBA WAX

Beeswax is an essential ingredient to many makeup and skin care products.

Scientific name:  Copernicia Cerifera

Common name:  carnauba wax

Family name:  Arecaceae

Origin: Northeastern Brazil

Form:  wax

Parts:  leaves

 


GOOD FOR ALL SKIN TYPES

Ingredient Features

  • barrier agent

User Benefits

  • protecting

    Functions in Product

    • thickener
    • emulsifier
    • base

    Description of Carnauba Wax

    One of the hardest cosmetic waxes found, this wax is taken from the Brazilian palm tree Copernicia prunifera. A very hard, thick wax with a high melting point around 180-185 degrees. It is mainly used in furniture waxes, lipsticks, and cosmetic recipes, which require a formidable barrier agent. 

    See also carnauba wax more.


    CARNAUBA WAX IS IN:

    Eye Liner

    Vapour Organic Beauty Mesmerize Eyeliner

    Mascara

    Afterglow Cosmetics Infused Pure Soul Mascara

    Lip Liner

    Bite Beauty The Lip Pencil

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    CARROT SEED ESSENTIAL OIL

    Carrot oil is best for anti-aging.

    Scientfic name:  Daucus corota

    Family:  Annonaceae, custard apple 

    Origin:  Madagascar

    Form:  steam distilled essential oil

    Parts:  seeds


    BEST FOR BLEMISHED AND MATURE SKIN

    Ingredient Features

    • antioxidant
    • emollient
    • radiance booster
    • toner

    User Benefits

    • protecting
    • moisturizing
    • revitalizing
    • firming

    Great For

    • dermatitis
    • eczema
    • psoriasis
    • rashes
    • anti-aging
    • wrinkles

    Function in Product

    • preservative

     

    Nutrients

    • vitamin A
    • vitamin C
    • vitamin B1
    • vitamin B2

    Description of Carrot Seed Essential Oil

    Carrot Seed CO2: One of the best cell regenerators, especially for mature skin. Has significant antioxidant activity and is thought to promote tone and elasticity to the skin cell tissue through its ability stimulate the formation of red blood cells

    Carrot Seed oil: One of nature’s best cellular regenerators, especially for mature skin. Its high carotol content revitalizes hypodermis and improves the complexion. It is recommended for dull, tired or lifeless skin particularly from environmental stress. Has significant antioxidant activity and is thought to promote tone and elasticity to the skin cell tissue through its ability stimulate the formation of red blood cells. Its cooling effect make it ideal for soothing sensitive or inflamed cell tissue, and its moisturizing and toning properties can smooth and soften facial lines and wrinkles.

    Daucus carota, the sativa seed oil of the flowering plant, is classified as an emollient and skin conditioning agent. Steam distillation is used to collect the oil from the seeds and the root of the carrot. The chemical composition of the oil contains vitamins A and D, carotenes and flavonoids. Beta-carotene is considered an antioxidant which means it protects against free radicals. It has been suggested that carrot oil can detoxify your skin of the impurities that result in acne and protect against the signs of aging.

    Note Classification: Middle

    Aroma: Dry, slightly sweet, earthy

    Largest Producing Countries: India, France, and Hungary

    Traditional Use: The roots have an affinity with the liver and gallbladder, and the seeds with the kidneys and digestive system.

    Properties: Anthelminthic, antiseptic, carminative, depurative, diuretic, emmenagogue, hepatic, stimulant, tonic

    Blends Well With: Cedarwood, cinnamon, citrus oils, geranium, spice oils


    CARROT SEED ESSENTIAL OIL IS IN THE FOLLOWING NATURAL SKINCARE AND MAKEUP PRODUCTS: 

    Face Scrub

    Pangea Organics Egyptian Geranium with Adzuki Bean and Cranberry Facial Scrub

    Eye Cream

    Pangea Organics Turkish Rose & White Tea Eye Cream

    carrot-oil-glossary-page.jpg

    CASTOR ISOSTEARATE BEESWAX SUCCINATE

    Caprylic capric triglyceride is a base compound used in beauty products made from coconut oil.

    Synthetic compound

    Origin:  derived from castor oil + beeswax


    Ingredient Features

    • low toxicity
    • skin conditioner
    • emollient

    User Benefits

    • safe
    • smoothing
    • moisturizing

    Function in Product

    • emollient
    • skin conditioner
    • pigment dispersant
    • SPF booster (3,700 mw)
    • gloss agent

    Description of Castor Isostearate Beeswax Succinate

     

    Castor Isostearate Beeswax Succinate: A castor oil and beeswax derived natural polymer that is created solely with heat and vacuum. No chemicals are used in the process. It increases wear time and enhances texture (certified by Eco-Cert).

    EWG Cosmetic Safety Database says:

    Castor Isostearate Beeswax Succinate is a polymeric mixture of esters formed by the reactionof Castor Oil (q.v.), Isostearic Acid (q.v.)., Beeswax (q.v.) and Succinic Acid (q.v.).

    The Food Guide says:

    Castor Isostearate Beeswax Succinate raises no health concern because:

    • It is not on any of GoodGuide’s lists of toxic chemicals which cause suspected or recognized health effects

    • It has not been detected in human tissue or urine

    • It is not a high production volume chemical that lacks safety data


    CASTOR ISOSTEARATE BEESWAX SUCCINATE IS IN THE FOLLOWING NATURAL SKINCARE AND MAKEUP PRODUCTS: 

    Lip Gloss

    Vapour Organic Beauty Elixir Plumping Lip Gloss

    Eye Shadow

    Vapour Organic Beauty Mesmerize Eye Shimmer

    Vapour Organic Beauty Mesmerize Eye Color

    Multi Use

    Vapour Organic Beauty Aura Multi Use Classic

    Vapour Organic Beauty Aura Multi Use Stain

    castor-isostearate-beeswax-succinate-page.jpg

    CASTOR SEED OIL

    Glyceryl/sucrose stearate is good for all skin types.

    Scientific name: Rincis communis

    Family:  Euphorbiaceae

    Origin:  Mediterranean Basin

    Form:  expeller pressed oil

    Parts:  seed

     


    GOOD FOR ALL SKIN TYPES, ESPECIALLY BLEMISHED

    Ingredient Features

    • emollient
    • humectant
    • antioxidant
    • protectant
    • anti-inflammatory

    User Benefits

    • moisturizing
    • hydrating
    • cellprotecting
    • soothing
    • anti-aging

    Function in Products

    • base oil
    • pigment dispersion
    • gloss

    Castor Seed Oil Description:

    Castor oil is a vegetable oil obtained by pressing the seeds of the Castor plant (Ricinus communis). It is a soothing anti-inflammatory, and a superior emollient and skin conditioner which creates a protective barrier against the elements. Castor oil provides excellent stability, gloss, and pigment dispersion characteristics which is why this hard and shiny oil can be found in most cosmetics. It is also known for its use in fighting acne.

    • castor oil: penetrates deep into the skin due to low molecular weight; ricinoleic acid, the main component of castor oil, has powerful anti-inflammatory properties

    CASTOR SEED OIL IS IN THE FOLLOWING NATURAL SKINCARE AND MAKEUP PRODUCTS: 

    Concealer

    Vapour Organic Beauty Illusionist Concealer

    Afterglow Cosmetics Infused Total Cover Concealer

    Afterglow Cosmetics Infused Calm-Cover Concealer

    Foundation

    Vapour Organic Beauty Atmosphere Soft Focus Foundation

    Vapour Organic Beauty Atmosphere Luminous Foundation

    Blush

    Vapour Organic Beauty Aura Multi-Use Blush

    Afterglow Cosmetics Infused Mineral Blush

    Eye Shadow

    Afterglow Cosmetics Infused Eco Eye Shadow

    Lip Balm

    Vapour Organic Beauty Lux Lip Conditioner

    Afterglow Cosmetics Infused Lip Soother

    Lip Gloss

    Vapour Organic Beauty Elixir Lip Gloss

    Afterglow Cosmetics Infused Hydra Gloss

    Lip Stick

    Vapour Organic Beauty Siren Lipstick

    Lip Liner

    Bite Beauty The Lip Pencil

    Multi Use

    Vapour Organic Beauty Aura Multi Use Classic

    Vapour Organic Beauty Aura Multi Use Stain

    Makeup Remover

    Vapour Organic Beauty Clarity Makeup Removing Cleansing Oil

    castor-seed-oil-glossary-page.jpg

    CETEARYL OLIVATE

    Cetearyl olivate

    Scientific name:  Cetearyl olivate

    Derived from:  cetearyl alcohol + olive oil


    GOOD FOR ALL SKIN TYPES

    Ingredient Features

    • antioxidant
    • hydrating

    User Benefits

    • antioxidant
    • antiseptic

    Function in Products

    • emulsifier
    • preservative
    • stabilizer
    • thickener

    Cetearyl Olivate is the ester of cetearyl alcohol and the fatty acids derived from olive oil. This non-ionic oil combines the properties of olive oil with other naturally derived ingredients making it a mild emulsifier. Cetearyl Olivate facilitates the retention of moisture in the skin and increases active ingredient's resistance to water and sweat. It helps soften the skin and hair and gives creams a smooth and luxurious feel.


    CETEARYL OLIVATE IS IN: 

     

    no-picture-available.jpg

    CETYL ALCOHOL

    Cetyl alcohol

    Scientific name:  cetyl alcohol

    Synthetic


    GOOD FOR ALL SKIN TYPES

    Ingredient Features

    • antioxidant
    • hydrating

    User Benefits

    • antioxidant
    • antiseptic

    Function in Products

    • emulsifier
    • stabilizer
    • thickener

    Cetyl alcohol is a long chain organic alcohol. Because of its unique binding and emollient action, cetyl alcohol is a great binder for moisturizing. Cetyl alcohol can help maintain the skin's moisture balance without the grease. Since water and oil do not mix, cetyl alcohol helps lock moisture into the skin and form a protective barrier that water cannot penetrate. This helps to prevent dry and parched skin. In addition to the unique barrier benefit of cetyl alcohol, it is often added as an ingredient to moisturizers to alter the consistency of liquid products or to increase foaming capacity.


    CETYL ALCOHOL IS IN:

    Eye Cream

    Pangea Organics Turkish Rose and White Tea Eye Cream

    Hand Cream

    Pangea Organics Chilean Rosehip with Tamanu and Red Clover Hand Cream

    cetyl-alcohol-page.jpg

    CETYL PALMITATE

    Cetyl palmitate

    Scientific name:  cetyl palmitate

    Synthetic:  cetyl alcohol + palmitic acid


    GOOD FOR ALL SKIN TYPES

    Ingredient Features

    • skin conditioner

    User Benefits

    • moisturizing
    • smoothing

    Function in Products

    • emulsifier
    • skin conditioner
    • stabilizer

    Cetyl Palmitate is a functional and stabilizing ester that is derived from the olive oil fatty acids. As a great skin-conditioning and emollient ingredient, Cetyl Palmitate is used for its functional properties. It enhances emulsion stability and reduces greasy texture.

    EWG SkinDeep Cosmetic Safety Database:

    Other HIGH concerns: Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs); Other LOW concerns: Data gaps, Ecotoxicology

    About CETYL PALMITATE: This lipid ingredient is composed of cetyl alcohol and palmitic acid, a naturally occurring fatty acid.

    This ingredient may be derived from animals. From PETA's Caring Consumer: Waxy oil derived from the sperm whale's head or from dolphins. In many margarines. In skin creams, ointments, shampoos, candles, etc. Used in the leather industry. May become rancid and cause irritations. Alternatives: synthetic spermaceti, jojoba oil, and other vegetable emollients.

    Function(s): Fragrance Ingredient; Skin-Conditioning Agent - Occlusive; EMOLLIENT; MASKING; SKIN CONDITIONING

    Synoym(s): HEXADECANOIC ACID, HEXADECYL ESTER; HEXADECYL ESTER HEXADECANOIC ACID; HEXADECYL PALMITATE; N-HEXADECYL HEXADECANOATE; PALMITYL PALMITATE; CETIN; HEXADECANOIC ACID, HEXADECYL ESTER; HEXADECYL PALMITATE; PALMITYL PALMITATE; STANDAMUL 1616


    CETYL PALMITATE IS IN: 

    Hand Cream

    Pangea Organics Chilean Rosehip with Tamanu and Red Clover Hand Cream

    cetyl-palmitate-page.jpg

    CHAMOMILE ESSENTIAL OIL

    Roman chamomile essential oil is best for sensitive skin.

    Roman chamomile = Anthemis nobilis

    Cape Chamomile = Eriocephalus punctulatus

    Blue chamomile = Matricaria chamomilla

    Family name:  Asteraceae, daisy

    Origin:  southern and western Europe

    Form:  Essential oil by steam distillation

                                                                                      Parts:  flower heads

     


    BEST FOR BLEMISHED AND SENSITIVE SKIN

    Ingredient Features

    • anti-allergenic
    • antiseptic
    • anti-inflammatory
    • antioxidant
    • tissue regeneration

    User Benefits

    • soothing
    • cleansing
    • anti-aging
    • protecting
    • healing

    Aromatherpy

    • relaxing
    • realizing

    Function in Products

    • active

    Roman chamomile is a miracle worker. Its numerous properties for skin include: analgesic, anti-allergenic, antibacterial, powerful anti-inflammatory and anti-irritant, antioxidant, antiseptic, calming, demulcent, healing and sedative. Its various uses include treatment of: acne, allergies, arthritis, dermatitis, eczema, erythema, inflammation of skin, irritated skin (dry, itchy, flaky, chapped), psoriasis, rashes, sensitive skin, spider veins, sores and wounds, and is also a great tissue regenerator include: bisabolol (promotes healing; granulation), terpenes, flavonoids and hydroxy-cinnamic-acid derivatives. Particularly recommended for dry-dehydrated, delicate-sensitive, oil-rich and blemished skin, chamomile is good for all skin types. It is also widely used in shampoos. Chamomile’s aroma is described as a fruity warm floral, herbaceous middle-base note with properties for mind including: relaxing, cooling and calming. Emotional benefits include realization of personal growth and ease of: aggression, anger, anxiety, fear, grief, hysteria, impatience, irritability, loneliness, nervousness, panic, stress and tension.


    CHAMOMILE ESSENTIAL OIL IS IN: 

    Face Cleanser

    Pangea Organics Egyptian Calendula and Blood Orange Facial Cleanser

    Body Lotion

    Pangea Organics French Chamomile with Sweet Orange and Lavender Body Lotion

    roman-chamomile-essential-oil-glossary-page.jpg

    CHRYSANTHEMUM FLOWER EXTRACT

    Roman chamomile essential oil is best for sensitive skin.

    Scientific name:  Chrysanthemum Morifolium

    Family:  Asteraceae

    Form:  extract

    Parts:  flowers

     


    BEST FOR STRESSED AND SENSITIVE SKIN

    Ingredient Features

    • nutrient rich
    • antimicrobial
    • anti-inflammatory
    • anti-irritant

     

    User Benefits

    • nourishing
    • cleansing
    • anti-aging
    • soothing
    • detoxifying
    • relaxing

    Function in Products

    • active

    Chrysanthemum flowers, Certified Organic:Chrysanthemum has been used historically in Chinese medicine for its benefits to the eyes. Chrysanthemum contains ascorbic acid, beta carotene, camphor, calcium, choline, folacin, iron, magnesium, niacin, potassium, and riboflavin. The flowers have antibiotic, anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, antifungal, antipyretic, antihypertensive and antiviral properties. The flowers also act as a detoxifying and relaxing agent.

    Introduction

    The wild chrysanthemum is a sprawling, leafy plant with clusters of daisy like flowers at its crown. Though it was first officially described in the west by the famous Botanist Karl Linnaeus in 1753, it has a long and rich history in Eastern medicine. The Chinese first described the flower in the 15th century B.C.E., and by the 8th century C.E., it was introduced to Japan. Enthralled by its brilliant appearance and variety of uses, it became a national symbol in Japan and is recognized as the official seal of the Emperor. It continues to be one of the most important herbs in traditional Japanese medicine, and is thought to hold the power of life.

    Constituents

    Ascorbic acid, beta-cartone, calcium, fiber, folacin, iron, magnesium, niacin, potassium, riboflavin, essential oils.

    The chrysanthemum is sometimes known as “The Queen of Fall Flowers” in the United States due to its beauty and high visibility in displays and decoration. It is often included in college homecoming festivities and it is the largest commercially produced flower in the US due to its ease of cultivation, ability to bloom on schedule, and its wide diversity of form and color.

    Chrysanthemum morifolium (also known as Florist's daisy and Hardy garden mum) is a species of perennial plant from Asteraceae family. The plant is 1–3 feet (0.30–0.91 m) high and wide.

    Cultivation and uses

    This plant can be noted for its popularity as an indoor houseplant in part because of its air cleaning qualities as per a study done by NASA, removing benzene, formaldehyde, and ammonia and other chemicals from the air. [3] In general, the plant is best fertilized once a month and watered two to three times a week depending on climate.

    Rating:

    AVERAGE

    Categories:

    Anti-Irritants , Plant Extracts

    Can have anti-inflammatory benefit for skin.

     


    CHRYSANTHEMUM FLOWER EXTRACT IS IN: 

    Eye Shadow

    Vapour Organic Beauty Mesmerize Eye Shimmer

    Vapour Organic Beauty Mesmerize Eye Color

    chrysanthemum-flower-extract-page.jpg

    CINNAMON ESSENTIAL OIL

      Cinnamon essential oil is a wonderful addition to the aroma of beauty products.

    Scientific name:  Cinnamomum vera

    Family:  Lauraceae

    Form:  essential oil

    Process:  steam distillation

    Parts:  bark


    BEST FOR BLEMISHED SKIN

    Ingredient Features

    • antioxidant
    • antiseptic
    • astringent
    • detoxifying

      User Benefits

      • anti-aging
      • cleansing
      • toning
      • warming

       

      Aromatherapy

      • aphrodisiac
      • warming

      Function in Products

      • active

      Its properties for skin include: antifungal, antiseptic, anti-yeast, mildly astringent, detoxifying, parasiticidal and warming. Cinnamon is used in facial scrubs, soaps, cleansers, masks and lotions. Its pungent aroma is described as a sweet, spicy middle note, and is desirable in perfumes and aftershaves. Considered an aphrodisiac, the essential oil is included in massage oils for lovers. Further effects on the mind include: promoting happiness and peace, and combating stress. Excellent for brunettes and in preventing baldness, cinnamon is used in shampoos and hair rinses. It freshens the breath when included in toothpastes and mouthwashes and promotes a rosy complexion when used internally.

      Note Classification: Middle

      Aroma: Flat, warm, earthy spice

      Largest Producing Countries: Sri Lanka, India, and Madagascar

      Traditional Use: Cinnamon leaf has been used for culinary and medicinal purposes. The leaf oil has a higher eugenol content then the bark oil, which increases its analgesic properties.

      Properties: Analgesic, antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, antispasmodic, carminative, insecticide, stimulant, stomachic

      Blends Well With: Benzoin, bergamot, cardamom, clove, frankincense, ginger, grapefruit, lemon, mandarin, marjoram, nutmeg, orange, peppermint, peru balsam, petitgrain, rose, vanilla, ylang ylang

      Of Interest: Cinnamon has been a highly prized commodity since antiquity and is one of the most recognizable scents in the world. The chemical breakdown of Cinnamon leaf oil is similar to that of Clove bud.

      Safety Data: Avoid while pregnant. May cause skin irritation.


      CINNAMON ESSENTIAL OIL IS IN:

      cinnamon-essential-oil-glossary-page.jpg

      CITRIC ACID

      Citric acid is a great phBalancer for beauty products.

      Scientific name:  citric acid

      Derived from:  citrus fruits


      GOOD FOR ALL SKIN TYPES

      Ingredient Features

      • antioxidant
      • astringent
      • exfoliant

      User Benefits

      • protecting
      • firming
      • smoothing

        Function in Products

        • pH adjuster
        • preservative

        Citric acid is a weak organic acid found in a variety of fruits and vegetables, most concentrated in lemons and limes where it can comprise as much as 8% of the dry weight of the fruit. One of the most widely used acids in the cosmetic industry, it is derived from citrus fruits by fermentation of crude sugars and is employed as an acid-alkali balance adjuster, an antioxidant, an astringent, an exfoliant (it is an alpha-hydroxy acid), a preservative, a sequestering agent and a foam inhibitor. Additionally, it serves as an environmentally benign cleaning agent.


        CITRIC ACID IS IN: 

        Face Cleanser

        Pangea Organics Australian Wild Plum and Willow Facial Cleanser

        Pangea Organics Egyptian Calendula and Blood Orange Facial Cleanser

        Facial Scrub

        Pangea Organics Egyptian Geranium with Adzuki Bean and Cranberry Facial Scrub

        Face Cream

        Pangea Organics Italian red Mandarin with Rose Facial Cream

        Pangea Organics Facial Cream Moroccan Argan With Willow and Rosemary Facial Cream

        Pangea Organics Nigerian Ginger with Lavender and Thyme Facial Cream

        Eye Cream

        Pangea Organics Turkish Rose and White Tea Eye Cream

        Hand Soap

        Pangea Organics Canadian Pine with White Sage Hand Soap

        Pangea Organics Italian White Sage with Geranium Hand Soap

        Pangea Organics Canadian Pine with Cardamom Hand Soap

        BODY WASH

        Pangea Organics Canadian Pine with White Sage Body Wash

        Pangea Organics Pyrenees Lavender with Cardamom Body Wash

        Pangea Organics Italian White Sage with Geranium and Yarrow Body Wash

        Body Lotion

        Pangea Organics Indian Lemongrass with Rosemary Body Lotion

        Pangea Organics Pyrenees Lavender and Cardamom Body Lotion

        citric-acid-page.jpg

        CLOVE ESSENTIAL OIL

        Clove essential oil is best for blemished skin.

        Scientific name:  Syzygium aromaticum

        Family:  Myrtaceae, myrtle

        Origin:  Indonesia

        Form:  steam distillation of essential oil

        Parts:  leaves

         


        BEST FOR BLEMISHED SKIN

        Ingredient Features

        • antioxidant
        • antiseptic
        • astringent
        • antimicrobial

        User Benefits

        • protecting
        • cleansing
        • firming
        • detoxifying

         

        Aromatherapy

        • invigorating
        • stimulating
        • warming

        Function in Products

        • preservative

        Distilled from the dried flower buds of the evergreen tree Syzygium aromaticum, clove oil is also found under the name Eugenia caryophyllata. Cloves are used for their, anesthetic, antimicrobial, antiseptic, astringent, detoxifying, and warming properties. Active constituents include: terpenes, flavonoids, tannins, phenolcarboxylic acids and sterols. It is included in skin preparations such as soaps, toners, lotions, perfumes, powders and aftershaves. Because clove is also antifungal, it is used in salves to treat athlete's foot. It is also used in shampoos, conditioners and hair rinses, especially for brunettes and redheads. Clove is often used to flavor toothpastes and freshen the breath. The essential oil of clove is an aphrodisiac and is included in perfumes for its sensuous scent, which is described as a warm, sweet, spicy middle note. Additional properties for mind include: anti-anxiety, energizing and intellectually stimulating for nervous fatigue and poor memory.


        CLOVE ESSENTIAL OIL IS IN:

        Hand Soap

        Pangea Organics Canadian Pine with White Sage Hand Soap

        Body Wash

        Pangea Organics Canadian Pine with White Sage Body Wash

        clove-essential-oil-glossary-page.jpg

        COCOA BUTTER

        Cocoa butter is best for body skin.

        Scientific name:  Theobroma cacao

        Family:  Sterculiaceae

        Plant Origin:  Ghana

        Form:  butter

        Part:  bean

         


        BEST FOR EXTREME EMOLLIENCE

        Ingredient Features

        • antioxidant
        • emollient
        • humectant
        • antiseptic
        • sun protectant
        • lubricant

        User Benefits

        • protecting
        • moisturizing
        • hydrating
        • cleansing
        • soothes
        • smoothes
        • softens

        Great For

        • chapped + cracked skin
        • delicate skin
        • dermatitis
        • mature skin
        • thirsty skin
        • wrinkles

        Function in Products

        • preservative
        • emollient

        Nutrients

        • antioxidants

        • cocoa mass polyphenol

        • fatty acids
        • minerals
        • oleic acid
        • palmitic acid
        • vitamin E
        • vitamins

        Also called theobroma ("food of the gods") oil, cocoa butter is the solid edible natural fat of the cacao bean, extracted during the process of making chocolate and cocoa powder. It is one of the most stable fats known, containing natural antioxidants that prevent rancidity and give it a shelf life of two to five years. It is used for its smooth texture in various foods, as well as in cosmetics and soaps, pastes and emollient creams. Cocoa butter softens and lubricates the skin, and melts at body temperature making it good for massage creams.

        more on cocoa butter . . .


        COCOA BUTTER IS IN:

        Concealer

        Afterglow Cosmetics Perfecting Under Eye Concealer

        Lip Balm

        Afterglow Cosmetics Infused Lip Soother

        Face Cleanser

        Pangea Organics Egyptian Calendula and Blood Orange Facial Cleanser

        Eye Cream

        Pangea Organics Turkish Rose and White Tea Eye Cream

        Hand Cream

        Pangea Organics Chilean Rosehip with Tamanu and Red Clover Hand Cream

        Body Lotion

        Pangea Organics French Chamomile with Sweet Orange and Lavender Body Lotion

        Pangea Organics Indian Lemongrass with Rosemary Body Lotion

        Pangea Organics Pyrenees Lavender with Cardamom Body Lotion

        Body Polish

        Pangea Organics Brazilian Brown Sugar with Cocoa Butter Body Polish

        cocoa-butter-glossary-page.jpg

        COCONUT OIL

        Coconut oil is best for body skin.

        Scientific name:  Cocos nucifera

        Family: Arecaceae, palm

        Origin: Vietnam, Brazil

        Form:  cold-pressed oil

        Parts:  nut


        GOOD FOR ALL SKIN TYPES

        Ingredient Features

        • emollient
        • degreaser

        User Benefits

        • moisturizing
        • cleansing
        • softening
        • protecting

        Function in Products

        • emollient
        • surfactant (saponified)

        Coconut oil is the non-volatile plant kernel oil of the coconut palm. The coconut has degreasing and cleansing properties and lathers readily, which is why cleansing agents are frequently derived from coconut oil and it is such a common surfactant. Coconut oil is one of the heaviest and fattest of the plant oils, which makes it more emollient than other plant oils, but also possibly more comedogenic. For this reason, coconut oil is best for cleansers and body creams. See natural moisturizing factors.


        COCONUT OIL IS IN:

        Concealer

        Afterglow Cosmetics Perfecting Under Eye Concealer

        Eye Liner

        Vapour Organic Beauty Mesmerize Eyeliner

        Lip Balm

        Vapour Organic Beauty Lux Lip Conditioner

        Lip Gloss

        Afterglow Cosmetics Infused Hydra Gloss

        Face Cleanser

        Pangea Organics Australian Wild Plum and Willow Facial Cleanser

        Pangea Organics Egyptian Calendula and Blood Orange Facial Cleanser

        Hand Soap

        Pangea Organics Canadian Pine with White Sage Hand Soap

        Pangea Organics Italian White Sage with Geranium Hand Soap

        Pangea Organics Pyrenees Lavender with Cardamom Hand Soap

        Body Wash

        Pangea Organics Pyrenees Lavender and Cardamom Body Lotion

        Pangea Organics Pyrenees Lavender with Cardamom Body Wash

        Pangea Organics Italian White Sage with Geranium and Yarrow Body Wash

        Bar Soap

        All Bar Soaps

        Body Lotion

        Pangea Organics Indian Lemongrass with Rosemary Body Lotion

        Pangea Organics Pyrenees Lavender and Cardamom Body Lotion

        coconut-oil-glossary-page.jpg

        CORN STARCH

        Fennel seed herbal extract is best for blemished skin and anti-aging.

        Scientific name:  Zea mays

        Family:  Poaceae

        Origin:  Mesoamerica

        Form:  wet-milled powder

        Parts:  kernels

         


        GOOD FOR ALL SKIN TYPES

        Ingredient Features

        • skin protectant

        User Benefits

        • silky but dry feel

        Function in Products

        • thickener
        • base
        • absorbant

        Starch obtained from corn and sometimes used as an absorbent in cosmetics instead of or alongside talc. Generally, in powders corn starch lends a silky but dry feel and some find it is better at absorbing excess oil without looking cakey than pure talc-based powders. Cornstarch is also used as a thickening agent in skin-care products.

        About ZEA MAYS (CORN) STARCH: Zea Mays (Corn) Starch is a starch obtained from corn.

        Function(s): Abrasive; Absorbent; Skin Protectant; Viscosity Increasing Agent - Aqueous

        Synoym(s): OPICAL STARCH; STARCH, CORN; STARCH, ZEA MAYS; ZEA MAYS STARCH

        Corn starchcornstarchcornflour or maize starch is the starch derived from the corn (maize) grain. The starch is obtained from the endosperm of the corn kernel. Corn starch is a popular food ingredient used in thickening sauces or soups, and is used in making corn syrup and other sugars.

        The corn is steeped for 30 to 48 hours, which ferments it slightly. The germ is separated from the endosperm and those two components are ground separately (still soaked). Next the starch is removed from each by washing. The starch is separated from the corn steep liquor, the cereal germ, the fibers and the corn gluten mostly in hydrocyclones and centrifuges, and then dried. (The residue from every stage is used in animal feed and to make corn oil or other applications.) This process is called wet milling. Finally, the starch may be modified for specific purposes.


        corn-starch-glossary=page.jpg

        CRANBERRY SEED

        Cranberry seed is best for exfoliation

        Scientific name:  Vaccinium macrocarpon

        Family:  Ericaceae

        Origin:  Eastern Canada and United States

        Form:  fine ground

        Parts:  seed


        BEST FOR BLEMISHED, COMBINATION, OILY AND MATURE SKIN

        Ingredient Features

        • antioxidant
        • antiseptic
        • balancing
        • deodorant

        User Benefits

        • antioxidant
        • antiseptic
        • cleansing

        Function in Products

        • preservative

        For centuries, cranberries have been valued for their medicinal and antioxidant properties, and anti-aging benefits. Cranberry, a super-fruit, is classified as antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, brightening, antimicrobial and anti-bacterial. The cranberry is also known for its cellular renewal properties. 


        CRANBERRY SEED IS IN: 

        Facial Scrub

        Pangea Organics Egyptian Geranium with Adzuki Bean and Cranberry Facial Scrub

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